A communicable disease is an infectious disease (such as influenza or tuberculosis) that is transmissible by contact with an infected individual to a non-infected individual. This can be done through a variety of methods: respiratory droplets, the contamination of surfaces, the ingestion of contaminated food or through a disease vector such as a mosquito bite.
Individuals can reduce their risk of contracting or transmitting an infectious disease by following the below steps:
Washing your hands for 20s
Covering coughs or sneezes
Disinfecting high touch surfaces regularly, such as door handles
Practicing good hygiene when handling food
Avoiding spoiled food
Receiving available vaccinations for disease immunization